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Tool Information: Oxford FFQ

Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No


This tool is a comprehensive quantitative paper based food frequency questionnaire, which includes 127 questions. Using standard portion sizes, it is intended to measure the average yearly dietary intake of adults and the elderly. This tool has been validated five times.

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Special Considerations

This tool is based on the questionnaire used in the US Nurses Study (Willett et al. 1985). The UK EPIC FFQ is a revised version of this tool, therefore we recommend to use the updated version. Additionally, one of the authors stated that it is unlikely any remaining copies of the tool remains.

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Software Required

Not reported

Training Required

Not reported

Instructions on use

Not reported

Administration Method


Data Analysis

Data was analysed using an in-house food-table code.

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bingham 1994 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 14 N/A
Bingham 1997 Biomarkers Adults Female Only 3 N/A
Johansson 2008 Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 14 Population who were healthy enough to live in their homes without external help
Samaras 1998 Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 5 Participants were twins.
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting