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Tool Library Best Practice Guidelines – Evaluation Checklist (opens new tab)

Tool Information: FFQ (Italy)

Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective 3 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No


This new semi-quantitative FFQ, specifically designed for the Italian population and best fitted for self-administration. This tool has been validated with the mean of 3-day food diaries and one 24-hour recall once in 2018.

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Special Considerations

The FFQ was developed by selecting the GNA-FFQ as a reference questionnaire from the guide to the measurement of diet and physical activity provided by The National Obesity Observatory, and regularly updated food list in accordance with changes in U.S. food consumption.

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Software Required

Not reported

Training Required


Instructions on use

Instructions on how to use the dietary assessment tool can be found in the publications.

Administration Method


Data Analysis

Instructions on how the dietary data was analysed can be found in the publications.

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Zanini 2020 mean of 3-day food diaries and one 24-hour recall Adults Both 21 The study protocol of the SEELN project involved the selection of two cohorts of subjects: subjects with liver steatosis and healthy subjects (i.e., without liver steatosis). Excluded subjects with evidence of other causes of liver disease (as viral or autoimmune hepatitis, alcohol consumption, drug-induced liver steatosis), serious clinical illness, pregnancy, or breast-feeding, and ongoing treatment potentially affecting development and/or progression of NAFLD.