Tool Library Tool Information
Validation Information: FFQ (Colombia)
Development and Validation of a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire among Rural- and Urban-dwelling adults in Colombia
Objective: To validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against multiple 24-hour dietary recalls
(DRs) that could be used for Colombian adults.
Methods: A convenience sample of 219 individuals participated in the study. The validity of the FFQ was
evaluated against multiple DRs. Four dietary recalls were collected during the year, and an FFQ was
administered at the end of the study along with the fourth DR.
Results: Deattenuated correlation coefficient for FFQ against mean intake of 4 DRs varied from 0.77 for
carbohydrate, 0.55 for energy, and 0.51 for protein. In rural areas, lower correlations were observed. The
overall extent of agreement in each quartile of estimated nutrient intake varied from 61% to 83%.
Conclusions and Implications: The FFQ provides moderate to high estimates for energy and nutrient
intake and can be employed to rank individuals based on their habitual intake.
Total number of nutrients validated: 8
Not all of the nutrients validated in the validation studies are included in the table below, as statistical data was only selected to be displayed for a number of nutrients, this included:
- Saturated Fat
- Mono-unsaturated Fat
- Poly-unsaturated Fat
- Non‐starch polysaccharides(NSP)
- Folic Acid
- Vitamin B12
- Vitamin C
- Fruit & Vegetables
- Urinary Nitrogen
To find information on the other validated nutrients please read the validation study.
- Macronutrients: 6
- Micronutrients: 2
|Comparator||Lifestage||Sex||Nutrient Measured||Mean Difference||Standard Deviation||Correlation Coefficient||Cohen's Kappa Coefficient||Percentage Agreement||Percentage Agreement Categories||Lower Limits of Agreement||Upper Limits of Agreement|
|24hr Recall||Adults||Both||Energy (kcal)||0.36 (P)||77||4|
|Protein (g)||0.17 (P)||70||4|
|Fat (g)||0.03 (P)||67||4|
|Saturated fat (g)||0.01 (P)||66||4|
|MUFA (g)||0.02 (P)||63||4|
|PUFA (g)||0.09 (P)||68||4|
|Carbohydrate (g)||0.43 (P)||79||4|
|Sodium (mg)||0.32 (P)||75||4|
|24hr Recall||Adults||Male Only||Energy (kcal)||0.45 (P)||74||4|
|Protein (g)||0.29 (P)||70||4|
|Fat (g)||0.12 (P)||66||4|
|Saturated fat (g)||0.09 (P)||62||4|
|MUFA (g)||0.13 (P)||61||4|
|PUFA (g)||0.20 (P)||67||4|
|Carbohydrate (g)||0.52 (P)||82||4|
|Sodium (mg)||0.34 (P)||74||4|
|24hr Recall||Adults||Female Only||Energy (kcal)||0.37 (P)||79||4|
|Protein (g)||0.25 (P)||71||4|
|Fat (g)||0.23 (P)||68||4|
|MUFA (g)||0.22 (P)||66||4|
|PUFA (g)||0.29 (P)||71||4|
|Saturated fat (g)||0.18 (P)||68||4|
|Carbohydrate (g)||0.38 (P)||80||4|
|Sodium (mg)||0.28 (P)||77||4|
Some results have been calculated using statistical techniques based on the published data.
For further information on statistical terms click on Statistical tests used in validation studies
All correlations coefficients in the table are unadjusted unless stated otherwise. For adjusted correlation coefficients and other statistical methods used in the study e.g. paired t-tests, please read the validation articles.
- # Adjusted
- † Energy adjusted.
- ‡ For loge-transformed, energy-adjusted nutrient intakes.
- ^ Adjacent included.
- ᵟ Participants provided identical responses.
- (w) = Weighted.
Dehghan M, Jaramillo PL, Dueñas R, Anaya LL, Garcia RG, Zhang X, Islam S, Merchant AT. Development and validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire among rural-and urban-dwelling adults in Colombia. Journal of nutrition education and behavior. 2012 Dec 31;44(6):609-13.