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Validation Information: Semiquantitative Food Diary (Germany)
An easy-to-use semiquantitative food record validated for energy intake by using doubly labelled water technique
Background: Estimating dietary intake is important for both epidemiological and clinical studies, but often lacks accuracy.
Objective: To investigate the accuracy and validity of energy intake estimated by an easy-to-use semiquantitative food record (EISQFR) compared to total energy expenditure (TEE) estimated by doubly labelled water technique (EEDLW).
Design: TEE was measured in 29 nonobese subjects using the doubly labelled water method over a period of 14 days. Within this period, subjects reported their food consumption by a newly developed semiquantitative food record for 4 consecutive days. Energy intake was calculated using the German Food Code and Nutrition Data Base BLS II.3.
Results: A good correlation was observed between EISQFR and EEDLW (r=0.685, P<0.001). The mean difference between EISQFR and EEDLW was -1.7 ±2.6 MJ/day (-14 ±21%, P=0.002). An underestimation of EISQFR <10% was observed in nine subjects (31%), of 10-20% in six subjects (21%), and of >20% in nine subjects (31%). In five subjects (17%), an overestimation of EISQFR was observed.
Conclusions: The easy-to-use semiquantitative food record provided good estimates of EI in free-living and nonobese adults without prior detailed verbal instructions. The presented food record has limitations regarding accuracy at the individual level.
Total number of nutrients validated: 0
Not all of the nutrients validated in the validation studies are included in the table below, as statistical data was only selected to be displayed for a number of nutrients, this included:
- Saturated Fat
- Mono-unsaturated Fat
- Poly-unsaturated Fat
- Non‐starch polysaccharides(NSP)
- Folic Acid
- Vitamin B12
- Vitamin C
- Fruit & Vegetables
- Urinary Nitrogen
To find information on the other validated nutrients please read the validation study.
- Macronutrients: 0
- Micronutrients: 0
|Comparator||Lifestage||Sex||Nutrient Measured||Mean Difference||Standard Deviation||Correlation Coefficient||Cohen's Kappa Coefficient||Percentage Agreement||Percentage Agreement Categories||Lower Limits of Agreement||Upper Limits of Agreement|
|Doubly Labelled Water||Adults||Male Only||Energy (kcal)||-382|
|Doubly Labelled Water||Adults||Female Only||Energy (kcal)||-406|
|Doubly Labelled Water||Adults||Both||Energy (kcal)||-406||0.69 (P)||N/C||N/C|
|Energy (kJ)||-1700||0.69 (P)||N/C||N/C|
Some results have been calculated using statistical techniques based on the published data.
For further information on statistical terms click on Statistical tests used in validation studies
All correlations coefficients in the table are unadjusted unless stated otherwise. For adjusted correlation coefficients and other statistical methods used in the study e.g. paired t-tests, please read the validation articles.
- # Adjusted
- † Energy adjusted.
- ‡ For loge-transformed, energy-adjusted nutrient intakes.
- ^ Adjacent included.
- ᵟ Participants provided identical responses.
- (w) = Weighted.
Koebnick C, Wagner K, Thielecke F, Dieter G, Höhne A, Franke A, Garcia AL, Meyer H, Hoffmann I, Leitzmann P, Trippo U. An easy-to-use semiquantitative food record validated for energy intake by using doubly labelled water technique. European journal of clinical nutrition. 2005 Sep 1;59(9):989-95