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Validation Information: FFQ (Food stores)
Assessment Of The Validity Of A Food Frequency Questionnaire As A Measure Of Food Use By Comparison With Direct Observation Of Domestic Food Stores
The aim of this study was to assess the validity as a measure of food use of a 90-rtem semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire which had been used in a study of food consumption patterns and health among 3,000 people aged 65 years and ovor selected at random from the electoral rolls of Adelaide, South Australia. In 1986, 18 months after the original survey, 200 randomly selected participants were invited to take part in the present study. The food frequency questionnaire was administered by mail, and results were compared with a direct observation of the foods that 40 subjects had in their home. The kappa statistic indicated good agreement (in all cases greater than that expected due to chance) between the reported use of individual foods in the questionnaire and the observed presence or absence of those foods in the subject's home. Correlation coefficients between scores generated from the questionnaire for consumption from specific food groups and those derived from direct observation of domestic food stores ranged from 0.42 to 0.86. These data indicate that a simple selfadministered dietary questionnaire can provide a valid measure of food use patterns in elderly people.
Total number of nutrients validated: 0
Not all of the nutrients validated in the validation studies are included in the table below, as statistical data was only selected to be displayed for a number of nutrients, this included:
- Saturated Fat
- Mono-unsaturated Fat
- Poly-unsaturated Fat
- Non‐starch polysaccharides(NSP)
- Folic Acid
- Vitamin B12
- Vitamin C
- Fruit & Vegetables
- Urinary Nitrogen
To find information on the other validated nutrients please read the validation study.
- Macronutrients: 0
- Micronutrients: 0
|Comparator||Lifestage||Sex||Nutrient Measured||Mean Difference||Standard Deviation||Correlation Coefficient||Cohen's Kappa Coefficient||Percentage Agreement||Percentage Agreement Categories||Lower Limits of Agreement||Upper Limits of Agreement|
|Direct Observation||Elderly||Both||Fruit||0.54 (S)|
Some results have been calculated using statistical techniques based on the published data.
For further information on statistical terms click on Statistical tests used in validation studies
All correlations coefficients in the table are unadjusted unless stated otherwise. For adjusted correlation coefficients and other statistical methods used in the study e.g. paired t-tests, please read the validation articles.
- # Adjusted
- † Energy adjusted.
- ‡ For loge-transformed, energy-adjusted nutrient intakes.
- ^ Adjacent included.
- ᵟ Participants provided identical responses.
- (w) = Weighted.
Horwath CC, Worsley A. Assessment of the validity of a food frequency questionnaire as a measure of food use by comparison with direct observation of domestic food stores. American journal of epidemiology. 1990;131(6):1059-67.