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Tool Information: Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES) FFQ

Macronutrient Retrospective; Usual 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No


This tools is a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) that was modified for the Australian diet and vernacular from an earlier FFQ of Willett et al. (1988). The FFQ contains 145-items and includes portion size estimates and questions on type of breakfast cereals and is designed to rank older Australians according to their mean daily glycaemic index (GI), glycaemic load (GL) and carbohydrate intake. The FFQ was used in the Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES) and has been validated against weighed food diaries for most macro- and micronutrients but not for GI or GL.

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Special Considerations

Seasonal variation was taken into account during analysis by weighting seasonal fruits and vegetables.

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Software Required

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Training Required

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Instructions on use

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Administration Method


Data Analysis

Instructions on how the dietary data was analysed can be found in the publication

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Barclay 2007 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 4 Subjects were randomly selected from Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES), weighted to include more older people (65-85 years)