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Below is a list of different filter options to help you focus on particular Tool types. Filter options are categorised in Tool Characteristics and Validation Method Characteristics.

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Validation Method Filter

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Below is a list of all the identified and validated Tools. Scroll through and select a Tool to display more information.

24h Recall Bingham

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bingham 1994 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only (Unstructured) 14 N/A
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only (Structured) 14
Bingham 1997 Biomarkers Adults Female Only (Unstructured) 3 N/A
Biomarkers Adults Female Only (Structured) 3
Johansson 2008 Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 14 Population who were healthy enough to live in their homes without external help
24h Recall Little

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
24h Recall (Food Photography) Lazarte

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Lazarte 2012 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 15 The subjects were from the rural region, Eterazama, Cochabamba, Bolivia. The 24-h recall was conducted by trained dietitians.
24h Recall (French adults) Touvier

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Touvier 2011 24hr Recall (interview by a dietitian) Adults Male Only 27 Subjects were volunteers who registered their interest in participation on a specific website. The 24hour recall comparison was carried out by interview by a trained dietitian.
24hr Recall (interview by a dietitian) Adults Female Only 27
24h Recall (Web-SPAN) Storey W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospecitve 1 day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Storey 2012 Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Both 11 10 schools within 6 school boards were selected for participation from a convenience sample of junior high schools.
48h Recall Price

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 2 Days 48 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
McNaughton (Both days) 2005 Estimated Food Diary Adults Male Only 15 The data reported in the validation study relates to the data collected in the original longitudinal study in 1989.
Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 15
7 day Estimated Food Diary Bingham

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Prospective 1 Day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bingham 1994 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 14 N/A
Bingham 1997 Biomarkers Adults Female Only 3 N/A
Johansson 2008 Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 14 Population who were healthy enough to live in their homes without external help
7 day Estimated Food Diary Mckeown W

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient Prospective 1 Day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Day 2001 Biomarkers Adults Both 3 Subjects were members of the EPIC-Norfolk cohort
Mckeown 2001 Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Male Only 4 Healthy Population who had participated in the main EPIC study
Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Female Only 4
Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Both 4
7 day Food Checklist Bingham

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Prospective 1 Day Food Checklist No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bingham 1994 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only (No photographs) 14 N/A
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only (With photographs) 14
Bingham 1997 Biomarkers Adults Female Only (No photographs) 3 N/A
Biomarkers Adults Female Only (With photographs) 3
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
Johansson 2008 Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 14 Population who were healthy enough to live in their homes without external help
72h Recall (Mediterranean region) Schröder

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 3 days 72 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Schröder 2001 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 13 N/A
AMPM Blanton W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 1 day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Blanton 2006 Doubly Labelled Water Adults (Premenopausal) Female Only 0 Participants met a strict inclusion criteria including: current use of hormonal contraceptive pill, premenopausal and not pregnant or lactating. Most were Caucasian graduate students.
Estimated Food Diary Adults (Premenopausal) Female Only 36
ASA24 Subar W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Thompson 2014 24hr Recall (AMPM) Adults Male Only 13 Efforts were made to recruit a diverse range of participiants.
24hr Recall (AMPM) Adults Female Only 13
ASA24-Kids Baranowski W

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 days 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Diep 2015 Direct observation Children, Adolescents (aged 9-11 years) Both 0 The validation study doesn't report data on nutrients, therefore this information is not represented in our Validation Results Table. The study looked at % matches, % instrusions, % omissions and portion-size correlation for matched foods.
Australian Eating Survey (AES) FFQ Collins

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective; Usual 6 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Collins 2014 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 24 N/A
Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES) FFQ Barclay

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient Retrospective; Usual 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Barclay 2007 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 4 Subjects were randomly selected from Blue Mountains Eye Study (BMES), weighted to include more older people (65-85 years)
CADET Cade FQC PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Prospective; Retrospective 1 Day Food Checklist No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Cade 2006 Weighed Food Diary Children Both 13 N/A
Christian 2015 Weighed Food Diary Children Both 9 N/A
Calcium Intake Questionnaire Nelson

Tool Information

Action
Micronutrient Usual; Retrospective 1 Year (though guidance to calculating intakes per day are also provided) Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Nelson 1988 Duplicate Diet Elderly Female Only 1 Healthy elderly residents.
Nelson 1988 Weighed Food Diary Elderly Female Only 1 Healthy elderly residents.
Cambridge FFQ Bingham

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bingham 1994 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 14 N/A
COMPASS questionnaire Leatherdale W

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Leatherdale 2013 Objectively measured (web-based tool) Adolescents Both 0 A convenience sample of 178 students in grade 9 from 4 different schools was used.
Day in the Life Questionnaire (DILQ) Edmunds

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Edmunds 2002 Direct Observation Children Both 0 Population represented different school environments and socio-economic catchment areas (2 primary schools were city-based and 2 were village-based)
DEGS FFQ Haftenberger W PDF

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 4 Weeks Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Haftenberger 2010 24hr Recall Adults, Elderly Both 0 Participants were a part of the German National Nutrition Monitoring (NEMONIT).
Diet History Black

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient Retrospective 1 Week Diet History No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Black 2000 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 3 Subjects were a part of the EPIC study
Biomarkers Adults Female Only 1
Black 2000 Doubly Labelled Water Adults Female Only 1 Subjects were a part of the EPIC study
Diet History Livingstone

Tool Information

Action
Energy Usual; Retrospective 1 Week Diet History No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Livingstone 1992 Doubly Labelled Water Children (3 years) Both 1 Population represented a range of Socio-economic areas of Belfast
Doubly Labelled Water Children (5 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Children (7 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Children (9 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Adolescents (12 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Adolescents (15 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Adolescents (18 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Children, Adolescents (3-18 years) Both 1
Diet History Interview Jackson PDF

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Diet History No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Jackson 1990 Food Frequency Questionnaire Elderly Both 3 The study was carried out in an area of inner city deprivation. All subjects with an Asian surname were excluded due to difference in diets and the possible language difficulties.
Diet History Interview (DISHES 98) Mensink W

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Retrospective; Usual 4 weeks Diet History No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Mensink 2001 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 7 Participants were recruited from 2 research centres and included a variety of socio-economic statuses. All subjects received a small incentive.
24hr Recall Adults Both 7
Diet History Questionnaire (Pregnant women) Shiraishi

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Micronutrient Retrospective 1 month Diet History Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Shiraishi 2012 Biomarkers Adults Female Only 2 Subjects were 2nd trimester pregnant women from 2 hospitals in Tokyo, Japan
Diet Questionnaire Heller

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient Usual; Retrospective Day/Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Heller 1981 Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 1 Participants at high-risk of coronary heart disease.
Dietary Instrument for Nutrition Education (DINE) Roe

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient Usual; Retrospective Day/Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Roe 1994 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 3 Employees of the Rover Group
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
Dietary Recall Questionnaire Moore PDF

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Moore 2007 24hr Recall Children Both 0 Children from 58 schools in 9 Local Education Authorities across Wales.
24hr Recall Children Male Only 0
24hr Recall Children Female Only 0
Dietary Targets Monitor (DTM) Dong W

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective; Usual Day/Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Lean 2003 Food Frequency Questionnaire Adults Both 0 Subjects completed both questionnaires in 1997.
DietQ FFQ (Fatty acids) Broadfield

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Broadfield 2003 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 4 Staff and research students from the Division of Respiratory Medicine.
Estimated Food Diary Lanigan W

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient Prospective 1 Day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Lanigan 2001 Doubly Labelled Water Infants and toddlers Both 1 Inclusion criteria included mothers with singleton births and the child was in good health and ate a western-type diet.
Lanigan 2001 Weighed Food Diary Infants and toddlers Both 4 Inclusion criteria included mothers with singleton births and the child was in good health and ate a western-type diet.
Estimated Food Diary (Toddlers) Cheng

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Prospective 1 day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Cheng 2012 Weighed Food Diary Infants and toddlers Both 14 Parental social class was evenly distributed
European Community Respiratory Health Survey-II Hooper

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Hooper 2010 24hr Recall Adults Both 4 Subjects were a part of the ECRHS-II Study
FFQ Lanham

Tool Information

Action
Micronutrient Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bodner 1998 Biomarkers Adults Male Only 4 Participants were part of a trial looking at antioxidant intake and adult onset asthma.
Biomarkers Adults Female Only 4
FFQ Margetts

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective Month (s) Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Margetts 1989 24hr Recall Adults Both 9 Subjects were recruited from participants in a larger study of diet and health in three English towns
FFQ (12 months old) Robinson PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective 1 Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Marriot 2009 Weighed Food Diary Infants and toddlers Both 23 The infants were the offspring of the women that were recruited in the Southampton Women Survey (SWS). The infants were born between 1998 and 2003.
FFQ (4-5 years old) Vioque W PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Vioque 2016 24hr Recall Children Both 30 Healthy Children enrolled in the Spanish Childhood and Environment Project of Valencia (INMA study)
Biomarkers Children Both 8
FFQ (6 months old) Robinson PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective 1 Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Marriot 2008 Weighed Food Diary Infants and toddlers Both 23 The infants were the offspring of the women that were recruited in the Southampton Women Survey (SWS). The infants were born between 1998 and 2003.
FFQ (Adolescent, adult and elderly) Henn

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 12 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Henn 2010 24hr Recall Adolescents Both 13 Subjects were randomly selected from schools, universities and recreational areas in the Porto Alegre and Metropolitan areas in Southern Brazil.
24hr Recall Adults Both 13
24hr Recall Elderly Both 13
FFQ (Adolescents) Araujo

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective; Usual 6 months (Before the interview) Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Araujo 2010 Estimated Food Diary Adolescents Both 7 Subjects included a variety of socioeconomic status'
FFQ (Allergens during pregnancy) Venter PDF

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 9 Months (During pregnancy) Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Venter 2006 Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 0 Pregnant Women
FFQ (Bone mineral density) Rivas

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Rivas 2009 24hr Recall Adults Female Only 23 Healthy adult women
FFQ (Botswana) Jackson

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Jackson 2012 24hr Recall Adults; Elderly Both 13 Participants were selected from those enrolled in the epidemiological survey of diet and weight status. The final sample consisted of 16 males and 63 females with mixed characteristics of urban and rural settings.
FFQ (Castilla-La Mancha region) Fregapane

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective Day/Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Fregapane 2000 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 32 N/A
FFQ (China) Zhuang

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Zhuang 2012 24hr Recall Adults, Elderly Both 15 There was a higher proportion of women (62%) and those without high / senior school education (87%) in the cohort
FFQ (Colombia) Dehghan

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Micronutrient Retrospective; Usual Day/Week/Month/Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Dehghan 2012 24hr Recall Adults Both 8 A convenience sample was used for both the development and validation of the tool, this contained some illiterate individuals
24hr Recall Adults Male Only 8
24hr Recall Adults Female Only 8
FFQ (Dietary total antioxidant capacity) Pellegrini

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 3 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Pellegrini 2007 Weighed Food Diary Adults (aged 35-88 years) Male Only 0 Subjects were previous and current workers from the Barilla food company in Parma, Italy. Participant screening and exclusion criteria relating to particular medical conditions was applied.The study did not assess nutrient intake.
Weighed Food Diary Adults (aged 35-88 years) Female Only 0
FFQ (Energy intake, 4-6 year olds) Dutman

Tool Information

Action
Energy Usual; Retrospective 4 weeks Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Dutman 2010 Doubly labelled water Children (4-6 years) Both 1 Subjects were recruited through advertising at schools and day care centres
FFQ (Fatty Acids & Antioxidants) Stiegler

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Stiegler 2009 24hr Recall Children Both 16 The subjects were a part of the GINI PLUS Study
FFQ (FODMAPs) Barrett

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective Day/Week/Month/Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Barrett 2011 Estimated Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 36 There were a greater proportion of women and higher education levels and weekly income in the studied group
FFQ (Food stores) Horwath

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective; Usual Day/Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Horwath 1990 Direct Observation Elderly Both 0 N/A
FFQ (Fruits & Vegetables-Pregnant Women) Mikkelsen

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 6 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Mikkelsen 2007 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 3 Subjects were part of the DNBC (Danish National Birth Cohort) living in Odense, Denmark in weeks 30-31 of their pregnancy.
Biomarkers (urine) Adults Female Only 0
Biomarkers (plasma) Adults Female Only 0
Biomarkers (erythrocytes) Adults Female Only 0
FFQ (I) (Food groups) Ocke

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Restrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Ocke 1997 24hr Recall Adults Male Only 0 Subjects were recruited from towns in the Netherlands from ongoing projects. The questionnaire assessed food group intake where vegetable intake comparison was assessed.
24hr Recall Adults Female Only 0
FFQ (II) (Nutrients) Ocke

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Ocke 1997 24hr Recall Adults Male Only 8 Subjects were recruited from towns in the Netherlands from ongoing projects
24hr Recall Adults Female Only 8
FFQ (Inulin & Oligofructose) Dunn

Tool Information

Action
Retrospective 1 Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Dunn 2011 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 0 Healthy students and staff at King's College London
FFQ (Inuvialuit) Sharma

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective; Usual 1 month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Pakseresht 2010 24hr Recall Adults Both 13 The tool was developed based on dietary intake data from 2 communities, the validation study only used participants from 1 of the communities. Participants were the main food shopper or preparer in their household.
24hr Recall Adults (≤50 years) Both 13
24hr Recall Adults (>50 years) Both 13
FFQ (Italian adults) Turconi

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Turconi 2010 24hr Recall (interview by dietitian) Adults (20-60 years) Both 8 Subjects were students, staff and general public members aged 20-60, recruited from a university café in Italy of normal BMI and no health issues. Results are not split into gender
FFQ (Latin American Adults) Elorriaga

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 12 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Elorriaga 2013 24hr Recall Adults, Elderly Both 20 Participants were recruited via opportunistic sampling from primary-care centres in three Latin American countries (Chile, Uruguay and Argentina)
FFQ (Malaysian Adolescents) Nurul-Fadhilah

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Nurul-Fadhilih 2012 24hr Recall Adolescents Both 23 Participants were adolescents with an equal gender split randomly sampled from 2 secondary schools in Malaysia
FFQ (Mediterranean Diet-Elderly) Fernandez-Ballart W PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Fernandez-Ballart 2010 Estimated Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 20 Participants from the PREDIMED Study
FFQ (Mediterranean region) Schröder

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective Day/Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Schröder 2001 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 13 N/A
FFQ (MetaCardis France) Verger W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective; Usual 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Verger 2016 24hr Recall Adults, Elderly Both 27 All following results relate to the French FFQ only. Participants were recruited from hospitals. The design of the relative validity study is not optimal.
FFQ (North China) Wang

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual;Retrospective Day/week/month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Wang 2008 24hr Recall Adults, Elderly Male Only 11 Random selection of individuals from Xi'an city Shaanxi province Municipal Resident Registry Office (age range 50-79 yrs). Participants required to be free of diseases influencing food consumption.
24hr Recall Adults, Elderly Female Only 11
FFQ (Peanut) Sofianou-Katsouilis

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Food Groups Retrospective; Usual 1 Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Sofianou-Katsouilis 2011 Estimated Food Diary Children, Adults Both 1 N/A
FFQ (Pregnant Women) Barbieri

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Prospective 7 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Barbieri 2015 24hr Recall Adults Female Only 0 Subjects were pregnant women attending public health clinics in Ribeirao, Brazil from a range of educational and socio-economic backgrounds
FFQ (Pregnant Women) Mejía-Rodríguez

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Micronutrient Retrospective; Usual 1 month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Mejía-Rodríguez 2012 24hr Recall Adolescents, Adults (First trimester of pregnancy, 15-37 years) Female Only 4 All participants had participated in a prospective study to evaluate dietary intake during pregnancy, 4-6 years earlier. Results shown are for the FFQ-month only and do not include supplements.
24hr Recall Adolescents, Adults (Third trimester of pregnancy, 15-37 years) Female Only 4
FFQ (Pregnant Women) Vioque W PDF

Tool Information

Action
Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Vioque 2013 Biomarkers Adults Female Only 11 Pregnant women
FFQ (Prospective cohort study on diet and cancer) Goldbohm

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Goldbohm 1993 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 18 Subjects were a subgroup of a large-scale prospective cohort study on dietary habits and cancer in the Netherlands. Cohort included both males and females. Study results not categorised into gender.
FFQ (Protein and potassium) Geelen

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient Retrospective 1 month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Geelan 2014 24hr Recall Adults (45-65 years) Male Only 2 Subjects were recruited by convenience sampling from Wageningen, The Netherlands
24hr Recall Adults (45-65 years) Female Only 2
FFQ (South Asian Women in Britain) Kassam-Khamis

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective 1 Year (Past year) Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Kassam-Khamis 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 6 South Asian Population
Sevak 2004 24hr Recall Adults Female Only 16 South Asian Population
FFQ (South India) Iqbal

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective 4 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Iqbal 2008 24hr Recall Adults Both 10 Subjects were part of the PURE (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological Study) Cohort
FFQ (Suihua, North China) Xia

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 9 months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Xia 2011 24hr recall Adolescents Female Only 13 Subjects were adolescent females (12-18yrs) from a multi-level cluster sample from 3 middle schools in the Suihua district of Heilongjiang Province of China
FFQ (Whitehall II Study) Brunner

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Brunner 2001 Estimated Food Diary Adults Male Only 18 Participants were drawn from the Whitehall II longitudinal study of British civil servants (Marmot et al., 1991)
Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 18
FFQ (Women) Martin-Moreno W PDF

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Day/Week/Month/Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Martin-Moreno 1993 Estimated Food Diary Adults, Elderly Female Only 11 Subjects were drawn from the controls of a population-based case-control study on breast and colorectal cancer (Martin-Moreno et al. 1991). The results displayed are taken from Questionnaire 2.
Five a day Community Evaluation Tool (FACET) Ashfield-Watt

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Ashfield-Watt 2007 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 0 N/A
Food Amount Frequency Questionnaire Hartwell

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Usual; Retrospective Day/Week/Month/Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Hartwell 2001 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 13 Healthy Population. Data for male only and female only is available in the publication.
Food Checklist Holmes PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Prospective 1 Day Food Checklist No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Holmes 2008 Weighed Food Diary Children Male Only 11 Low Income Population
Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Children Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Female Only 11
Food Consumption Frequency Questionnaire Trinidad Rodriguez PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Trinidad Rodriguez 2008 24hr Recall Adults, Adolescents Both 18 N/A
Food Diary (Web-based) Hutchesson

Tool Information

Action
Energy Prospective 1 day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Hutchesson 2013 Doubly Labelled Water Adults Female Only 0 Participants were overweight or obese female staff or students from The University of Newcastle, Australia
Food Intake Questionnaire (FIQ) Johnson

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day Food Checklist No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Johnson 2001 Estimated Food Diary Adolescents Both 0 Participants were involved in a school-based nutrition education programme in a secondary school.
Food Recall Checklist (FoRC) Comrie

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Comrie 2009 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 3 Undergraduate students at the University of Aberdeen.
Food4Me Forster W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Fallaize 2014 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 20 N/A
Forster 2014 Food Frequency Questionnaire Adults Both 22 Subjects were Reading, UK and Dublin, Ireland
German EPIC FFQ1 Bohlscheid-Thomas

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bohlscheid-Thomas 1997 24hr Recall Adults Both 12 N/A
Boeing 1997 24hr Recall Adults Both 4 N/A
Biomarkers Adults Both 4
Kroke 1999 24hr Recall Adults Both 12 N/A
Biomarkers Adults Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Adults Both 1
German EPIC FFQ2 Nothlings

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Nothlings 2007 24hr Recall Adults Both 18 Participants were a part of the EPIC-Potsdam study
HEA 1 (Health Education Authority in Oxford) Little

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Day Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
HEA 2 (Health Education Authority in Oxford) Little

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Day/Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
HEA 3 (Health Education Authority in Oxford) Little

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Day/Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
INTAKE24 Newcastle University W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bradley 2016 24hr Recall Adolescents Both 10 The population represented a range of socio-economic status and ethnicity.
24hr Recall Adults Both 10
KiGGS FFQ "What do you eat" Truthmann W PDF

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 4 Weeks Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Truthmann 2011 Diet Histories Adolescents Both 0 Participants were a part of the EsKiMo Study
Meal-based intake assessment tool (MBIAT) Heath

Tool Information

Action
Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Heath 2005 Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 5 Participants were excluded if they had chronic or acute illness that might affect Fe intake or status.
Meal-Q FFQ (Energy & macronutrient) Christensen

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient Retrospective: Usual Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Christensen 2013 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 6 Subjects were recruited through the VALMA study and from three universities in Stockholm, Sweden.
Meal-Q FFQ (Micronutrient & fibre) Christensen

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient Retrospective; Usual Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Christensen 2014 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 19 Subjects were recruited through the VALMA study and from three universities in Stockholm, Sweden.
Medical Research Council-Caerphilly Questionnaire Yarnell

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bolton-Smith 1991 Biomarkers Adults Male Only 5 Data split by smokers and non-smokers
Biomarkers Adults Male Only (Smokers) 7
Biomarkers Adults Male Only (Non-smokers) 7
Thompson 1993 Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 16 Cigarette smokers from general practices in Southampton
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 16
MiniMeal-Q (Energy & macronutrient) Christensen

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient Retrospective; Usual Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Christensen 2013 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 6 Subjects were recruited through the VALMA study and from three universities in Stockholm, Sweden.
MiniMeal-Q (Micronutrient & fibre) Christensen

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient Retrospective; Usual Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Christensen 2014 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 19 Subjects were recruited through the VALMA study and from three universities in Stockholm, Sweden.
Multiple Pass 24h Recall Holmes

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Holmes 2008 Weighed Food Diary Children Male Only 11 Low Income Population
Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Children Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Female Only 11
Multiple Pass 24h Recall Johnson

Tool Information

Action
Energy Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Reilly 2001 Doubly Labelled Water Children Both 1 Population represented a range of socio-economic status
Montgomery 2005 Doubly Labelled Water Children Both 1 Population represented a range of socio-economic status
Johnson 1996 Doubly Labelled Water Children Both 1 Children who volunteered for ongoing studies on energy requirements in young children.
Doubly Labelled Water Children Male Only 1
Doubly Labelled Water Children Female Only 1
My Meal Mate (MMM) Carter W

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient Prospective 1 Day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Carter 2013 24hr Recall Adults Both 4 Almost half of participants were trying to lose weight.
myfood24 Carter W

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Retrospective; Prospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Albar 2016 24hr Recall Adolescents Both 8
Novel Assessment of Nutrition and Ageing method (NANA) Timon

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Prospective 1 day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Timon 2015 Estimated Food Diary Elderly Both 16 Elderly population, living in the community without diagnosis of dementia.
Nurses Questions Little

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Day Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
Oxford FFQ Bingham

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bingham 1994 Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 14 N/A
Bingham 1997 Biomarkers Adults Female Only 3 N/A
Johansson 2008 Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 14 Population who were healthy enough to live in their homes without external help
Samaras 1998 Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 5 Participants were twins.
Little 1999 Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 2 Patients in a primary care setting
Oxford WebQ Liu W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective 1 Day Web based 24-hour dietary assessment No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Liu 2011 24hr Recall Adults Both 20 N/A
Pre-coded Food Record Form Rodriguez PDF

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Prospective 1 Day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Rodriguez 2014 24hr Recall Adults Both 0 N/A
Quantitative FFQ (QFFQ) MacIntyre

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective; Usual 1 Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
MacIntyre 2000 Weighed Food Diary Adolescents, Adults Both 8 Volunteers were recruited from participants in the THUSA study
Biomarkers Adolescents, Adults Both 1
Quest1 O'Donnell

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 3 Months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
O'Donnell 1991 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 20 Healthy Caucasian who are not suffering from any chronic disorder nor following any special or therapeutic diet
Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 20
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 20
Biomarkers Adults Both 3
Biomarkers Adults Male Only 3
Biomarkers Adults Female Only 3
Remote Food Photography Method (RFPM) Martin

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Prospective 6 days Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Martin 2012 Doubly Labelled Water Adults Both 0 88% of subjects were female, 62% were White and 38% were African American. Only results reported from study 2 (validation of nutrients) are summarised here.
Laboratory-based buffet meals (quantified by weighing food provision and waste) Adults Both 10
School-Based Nutrition Monitoring (SBNM) questionnaire Hoelscher

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective; Usual Day/Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Hoelscher 2003 24hr Recall Adolescents (8th graders) Both 0 Eighth grade students in middle schools from central Texas were used. 38%, 41% and 17% were white, Hispanic and African American
Scottish Collaborative Group FFQ Masson W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Retrospective; Usual 2-3 Months Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Masson 2003 Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 25 Participants included men who had recently participated in a population-based study of coronary heart disease risk factors, women attending a Family Planning Clinic, and men and women recruited from a variety of public sector workplaces.
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 25
Jia 2008 Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 25 Free-living healthy older people.
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Female Only 25
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Both 24
Heald 2006 Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Male Only 5 Control participants in the PCANDIET study
Hollis 2017 Estimated Food Diary Adults Both 26 Participants were recruited from the 2010 Scottish Health Survey (SHeS) sample
Mohd-Shukri 2013 Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 36 Pregnant Women (between 12 and 29 weeks' gestation) from an ongoing cohort study of severe obesity in pregnancy at the Antenatal Metabolic Clinic, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, UK. Data split by BMI status (obese vs lean women)
Semiquantitative Food Diary (Germany) Koebnick W

Tool Information

Action
Energy Prospective 1 day Food Diary Estimated No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Koebnick 2005 Doubly Labelled Water Adults Male Only 0 Subjects were healthy with a BMI < 30kg/m2, all subjects had no prior experience of dietary assessments tools.
Doubly Labelled Water Adults Female Only 0
Doubly Labelled Water Adults Both 0
Semi-weighed Food Diary Holmes

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Prospective 1 Day Weighed Food Diary No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Holmes 2008 Weighed Food Diary Children Male Only 11 Low Income Population
Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Male Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Children Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 11
Weighed Food Diary Elderly Female Only 11
Sheffield FFQ (Pregnant Women) Mouratidou PDF

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient Retrospective; Usual 4 weeks Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Mouratidou 2006 24hr Recall Adults Female Only 36 Pregnant Women
Short FFQ (Folate) Pufulete PDF

Tool Information

Action
Micronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Pufulete 2002 Weighed Food Diary Adults Both 1 Participants were recruited from the staff and students from King's College London and through publicity in sports centres, libraries and other public venues.
Biomarkers Adults Both 1
Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 1
Weighed Food Diary Adults Female Only 1
Biomarkers Adults Male Only 1
Biomarkers Adults Female Only 1
Short FFQ (Legume) Papadaki PDF

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Papadaki 2007 Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 0 Healthy Population
Short Food Group Questionnaire Roddam W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Week Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Roddam 2005 Weighed/Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 22 Participants were part of the Million Women Study
Short Food List (Total fat & Fatty acid) Rohrmann

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient Retrospective 1 year Food Checklist No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Rohrmann 2003 Food Frequency Questionnaire Adults Both 5 N/A
Short Form FFQ Cleghorn PDF

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Week/Month Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Cleghorn 2016 Food Frequency Questionnaire Adults Both 2 N/A
24hr Recall Adults Both 2
Short Qualitative Food Frequency List (FFL) Winkler

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Usual; Retrospective Day/Week/Month Food Checklist No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Winkler 1998 Weighed Food Diary Adults Male Only 0 Participants were part of the MONICA project Augsburg
Supermarket Sales Data (New Zealand) Eyles

Tool Information

Action
Energy, Macronutrient Prospective 3 months Supermarket Sales Data No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Eyles 2010 24hr Recall Adults Both 6 Participants were predominantly female with a high level of education and income compared to the general New Zealand population
Synchronised Nutrition and Activity Program (SNAP) Moore

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Moore 2008 24hr Recall Children, Adolescents Both 0 N/A
Synchronised Nutrition and Activity Program Adults (SNAPA) Hillier

Tool Information

Action
Food Groups Retrospective 1 Day 24 Hour Recall No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Hillier 2012 Direct Observation Adults Both 0 N/A
UK EPIC FFQ McKeown W

Tool Information

Action
Full Nutrient, Food Groups Usual; Retrospective 1 Year Food Frequency Questionnaire No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Day 2001 Estimated/Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Both 3 N/A
Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Both 3
Mckeown 2001 Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Male Only 4 Healthy Population
Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Female Only 4
Biomarkers Adults, Elderly Both 4
Estimated/Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Male Only 14
Estimated/Weighed Food Diary Adults, Elderly Female Only 14
Lietz 2002 Weighed Food Diary Adolescents Both 9 N/A
Biomarkers Adolescents Both 2
Verkasalo 2001 Estimated Food Diary Adults Female Only 0 Subjects were a part of the EPIC-Oxford cohort
Weighed Food Diary Bingham

Tool Information

Action
Micronutrient Retrospective 1 Day Weighed Food Diary No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bingham 1997 Biomarkers Adults Female Only 4 N/A
Weighed Food Diary Livingstone

Tool Information

Action
Energy Prospective 1 Day Weighed Food Diary No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Livingstone 1992 Doubly Labelled Water Children (7 years) Both 1 Population represented a range of Socio-economic areas of Belfast
Doubly Labelled Water Children (9 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Adolescents (12 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Adolescents (15 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Adolescents (18 years) Both 1
Doubly Labelled Water Children, Adolescents (7-18 years) Both 1
Weighed Food Diary (DONALD) Bokhof

Tool Information

Action
Macronutrient Prospective 1 day Weighed Food Diary No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Bokhof 2010 Biomarkers Children (3-4 years) Both 1 N in urine was measured by the Kjeldahl method and the assumption was made that the N excreted accounted for 80% of the ingested protein.
Biomarkers Children (7-8 years) Both 1
Biomarkers Adolescents Both 1
Biomarkers Adolescents, Adults Both 1
Biomarkers Children, Adolescents, Adults Both 1
Weighed Food Diary (Pre-school Children) Davies

Tool Information

Action
Energy Prospective 1 Day Weighed Food Diary No

Validation Papers

Author Year Comparator Lifestage Sex Number of Nutrients Validated Mean Difference Variance Measured info Correlation Coefficients Percentage Agreement Limits of Agreement Special Considerations Action
Davies 1994 Doubly Labelled Water Children, Infants and toddlers Both 1 N/A

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